A total of 164 people have died from Lassa fever in Nigeria so far in 2022.
The latest Lassa fever situation report for week 29, released Friday by the Nigerian Center for Disease Control, shows that there are 857 confirmed cases of the disease in the country.
The confirmed cases are said to be spread across 24 states and 99 local government areas in the country. According to the report, 54 healthcare workers have contracted the disease.
The NCDC also confirmed a total of 5,890 suspected cases in 2022.
Lassa fever is a zoonotic disease associated with high morbidity and mortality and has both economic and public health implications.
A breakdown showed that of all confirmed cases, Ondo accounted for 30%, Edo 26% and Bauchi 14%.
The report states, “In week 29, the number of new confirmed cases increased to 10 from 5 in week 28. These were reported from Edo and Ondo states.
“From Week 1 to Week 29 in 2022, a total of 164 deaths were reported, representing a mortality rate of 19.1%, which is lower than the mortality rate in the same period in 2021 (23.7%).
“Overall, 24 states reported at least one confirmed case in 99 local government counties in 2022,” the report said.
“Of all confirmed cases, 70% are from Ondo (30%), Edo (26%) and Bauchi (14%) states.
“The predominant age group affected is 21-30 years old (range: 0 to 90 years, median: 30 years). The male-to-female ratio of confirmed cases is 1:0.8.
“The number of suspected cases has increased compared to cases reported for the same period in 2021
“In Ondo State, a new health worker was affected.”
Dr. Tunji Akintade, a former chairman of the Association of General and Private Medical Practitioners of Nigeria, Lagos Chapter, called for further sensitization of communities in the country.
“There is need to strengthen the surveillance system for early detection, isolation and confirmation of cases. People must also learn to practice good environmental and personal hygiene to deter rodents from entering homes and accessing food,” Akintade said.